The First Canadian Army was a field army and the senior formation of the Canadian Army that served on the Western Front from July 1944 until May 1945 during the Second World War. The First Canadian Army was formed in early 1942, replacing the existing unnumbered Canadian Corps, as the growing number of Canadian forces in the United Kingdom necessitated an expansion to two corps. By the end of 1943 Canadian formations in the United Kingdom consisted of three infantry divisions, two armoured divisions, and two independent armoured brigades. The first commander was Lieutenant-General A.G.L. "Andy" McNaughton, who was replaced in 1944 by General H. D. G. "Harry" Crerar. Both had been senior artillery officers in the Canadian Corps in the Great War. Allied formations of other nationalities were added to the First Canadian Army to keep it at full strength
Peacekeepers monitor and observe peace processes in post-conflict areas and assist ex-combatants in implementing the peace agreements they may have signed. Such assistance comes in many forms, including confidence-building measures, power-sharing arrangements, electoral support, strengthening the rule of law, and economic and social development. Accordingly, UN peacekeepers (often referred to as Blue Berets or Blue Helmets because of their light blue berets or helmets) can include soldiers, police officers, and civilian personnel.
On July 10, 1943, the PPCLI, forming part of the 1st Canadian Infantry Division and the British Eighth Army, landed in Sicily during Operation Husky. The Patricia won its first battle honours of the Second World War at Leonforte.[a 6] Later, on September 4, 1943, the regiment landed and fought in Italy, advancing North for two months. The unit was slowed down by the demolished bridges and the German rear guard.[a 6] In December 1943 the regiment fought during the Moro River Campaign; that year the soldiers spent Christmas in Ortona.
In May 1944 the PPCLI took part in the offensive against the Hitler Line, west of Monte Cassino, during the allied offensive against Rome.[a 6] At that point the regiment was a component of the newly formed 1st Canadian Corps.[a 6] In August the unit took part in the offensive against the Gothic Line and in the assaults on San Fortunato and Rimini.
On March 13, 1945, the 1st Canadian Corps was transferred to Northwest Europe where it joined the 1st Canadian Army and took part in the liberation of the Netherlands. Shortly after, the regiment captured the city of Apeldoorn, and, on May 7, 1945, it was the first allied force to enter Amsterdam.
Korean War (1950–1954)
On April 22, 1951, Chinese forces undertook a major offensive against the United Nations forces and pierced through the first line of defence held by the 6th South Korean Division. During the Battle of Kapyong the 2nd Battalion, PPCLI, the 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, and A Company, 72nd Heavy Tank Battalion (US) were tasked with the defence of the Kapyong Valley. The formation delayed the Chinese forces for three days while United Nations forces withdrew to a new defensive line, thus saving Seoul. For their action, these three units received the United States Presidential Unit Citation and the Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation.
On May 25, 1951, the 2nd Battalion, PPCLI was transferred to the 25th Canadian Infantry Brigade within the 1st Commonwealth Division. In the fall, the 2nd Battalion was replaced by 1PPCLI and returned to Calgary. Meanwhile, in Canada, a new battalion was created on November 30, 1950. This 3rd Battalion trained at CFB Wainwright, CFB Borden, and Camp Ipperwash, before sending troops with the 1st and 2nd Battalions during their tour in Korea.
The 3rd Battalion replaced the 1st Battalion in the fall of 1952, and occupied Hill 355 until late November 1952. After three months of active service the battalion was disbanded on February 8, 1954.
LANDING IN SICILY * Leonforte * Agira * SICILY, 1943 * The Moro * The Gully * LIRI VALLEY * Hitler Line * GOTHIC LINE * RIMINI LINE * San Fortunato * Savio Bridgehead * Naviglio Canal * Fosso Munio * Granarolo * ITALY, 1943-1945 * Apeldoorn * NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1945
Kapyong * KOREA, 1950-1953.
L/Cpl Letkeman Theodore Norman
Rank: Lance Corporal
Service Number: H800276
Born: Feb 20, 1927 Ernfold, Saskatchewan
Discharged: Killed In Action
Served In:Korea, World War 2
Service: CA (Canadian Army)
Battle Group:United Nations Command (UNC)
Regiment: Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, R.C.I.C.
Awarded to members of the Navy, Army or Air Forces of Canada who have declared their willingness, or who have engaged to serve in any of the said forces on active service during the Second World War.
Service Details :
Operation RIPPER: Battle of Maehwa-San in South Korea - Two companies from 2 PPCLI assault Hill 532 in South Korea, resulting in 7 Canadians killed and 37 wounded. 14 March 1951 Seoul is liberated by UN troops for the second time.
The Canadian Volunteer Service Medal is granted to persons of any rank in the Naval, Military or Air Forces of Canada who voluntarily served on Active Service and have honourably completed eighteen months (540 days) total voluntary service from September 3, 1939 to March 1, 1947.
The War Medal was awarded to all full-time personnel of the armed forces and merchant marines for serving for 28 days between 03 September 1939 and 02 September 1945. In the Merchant Navy, the 28 days must have been served at sea.
Awarded to Canadian military personnel for one day on the strength of an army unit in Korea; or 28 days afloat; or one sortie over Korea by a member of the RCAF , 02 July 1950 - 27 July 1953.
A former member of the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army or the Royal Canadian Air Force is eligible to be awarded the medal where the member:
1. was in the Canadian armed forces during all or part of the period from 27 June 1950 to 27 July 1954:
2. was in the qualifying area (defined as Korea and the adjacent areas, including Japan, Okinawa and Korean waters); and
3. during the period referred to in (a),
1. was on the strength of an army unit or formation in Korea for at least one day;
2. was on active service for at least 28 days on a ship or craft engaged in operations in the qualifying area;
3. flew one sortie over Korea or over Korean waters in the Yellow Sea or Sea of Japan, or:
4. accumulated at least 28 days service in the qualifying area.The medal may be awarded posthumously.
There is no bar to this medal.
The primary objective of Operation Ripper was to destroy enemy forces and equipment and hamper his efforts to conduct a new offensive. Also, rather than make a direct assault across the Han to re-capture Seoul, Ripper was to outflank Seoul and the area north as far as the Imjin River. Then, Ridgway hoped to take Seoul by a flanking attack from the east or by sufficient threat to induce the enemy to withdraw.
March 12, 1944 London, Ontario
Letkeman enlisted (L68096) at Regina early in 1944 and was demobilized at the end of 1945. Theodore was born at Ernfold, the son of Helena Letkeman, and worked as a floor sander before re-enlisting in 1950 at Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Son of Heinrich and Helen Letkeman. Brother of Henry, Jacob, Abram, Johann (John), David, Gary, Helen, Anna, Mary, Sarah, Agnes, Margaret and Katerina.
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L/Cpl Theodore Norman Letkeman
on other official websites
Canadian Volunteer Service Medal
War Medal (1939-45)
Canadian Korea Medal
Canadian Volunteer Service Medal for Korea
Page 41 from Korea
Book of Remembrance (Click to Enlarge)
Letkeman Lake, Manitoba
L/Cpl Theodore Norman Letkeman Clicking Thumbnail will enlarge image
Memorial Plaque – Memorial plaques for Lance Corporal Theodore Norman Letkeman, Sergeant Jules Léonard Letendre, Sergeant Malcolm Charles Leonard and Private Jean-Marie Leonard on the Korea Veterans National Wall of Remembrance in Meadowvale Cemetery, Brampton, Ontario.
Korean Veterans War Memorial – This War Memorial is dedicated in memory of Manitobans who lost their lives during the Korean War.