To Honour Canada's Military


Canadian Army CA (Canadian Army)
Motto: We Stand on Guard for Thee

The First Canadian Army was a field army and the senior formation of the Canadian Army that served on the Western Front from July 1944 until May 1945 during the Second World War. The First Canadian Army was formed in early 1942, replacing the existing unnumbered Canadian Corps, as the growing number of Canadian forces in the United Kingdom necessitated an expansion to two corps. By the end of 1943 Canadian formations in the United Kingdom consisted of three infantry divisions, two armoured divisions, and two independent armoured brigades. The first commander was Lieutenant-General A.G.L. "Andy" McNaughton, who was replaced in 1944 by General H. D. G. "Harry" Crerar. Both had been senior artillery officers in the Canadian Corps in the Great War. Allied formations of other nationalities were added to the First Canadian Army to keep it at full strength
United Nations Command (UNC) United Nations Command (UNC)


Peacekeepers monitor and observe peace processes in post-conflict areas and assist ex-combatants in implementing the peace agreements they may have signed. Such assistance comes in many forms, including confidence-building measures, power-sharing arrangements, electoral support, strengthening the rule of law, and economic and social development. Accordingly, UN peacekeepers (often referred to as Blue Berets or Blue Helmets because of their light blue berets or helmets) can include soldiers, police officers, and civilian personnel.
Royal 22e Regiment, R.C.I.C. Royal 22e Regiment, R.C.I.C.


The Royal 22nd Regiment (R22R), in French and officially (in both French and English usage) Royal 22e Régiment (R22R) and colloquially The Van Doos (an anglicized pronunciation of the French for twenty-two, vingt-deux), is an infantry regiment of the Canadian Army. The mostly francophone regiment comprises three Regular Force battalions, two Primary Reserve battalions, and a band, making it the largest regiment in the Canadian Army. The ceremonial home of the regiment is La Citadelle in Quebec City, where the regimental museum is housed. The regimental headquarters is located in Quebec City, with all three of its regular battalions stationed at various bases in the province of Quebec.

the Royal 22e Régiment, CASF, embarked for Great Britain on 9 December 1939. The regiment landed in Sicily on 10 July 1943 and in Italy on 3 September 1943 as part of 3rd Brigade, 1st Canadian Infantry Division. On 16 March 1945, the regiment moved with the 1st Canadian Corps as part of OPERATION GOLDFLAKE to North-West Europe, where it fought until the end of the war.

United Nations Operations – Korea

Three battalions of the Royal 22e Régiment served in the Republic of Korea as part of the 25th Canadian Infantry Brigade Group, 1st Commonwealth Division. The 2nd Battalion was the first to arrive in Korea, serving there from 4 May 1951 to 24 April 1952, followed by the 1st Battalion from 20 April 1952 to 21 April 1953 then the 3rd Battalion from 16 April 1953 to the Armistice on 27 July 1953).

Battle Honours
Landing in Sicily * Valguarnera * Adrano * Catenuova * Sicily, 1943 * Landing at Reggio * Potenza * The Sangro * Casa Berardi * Torre Mucchio * Cassino Ii * Gustav Line * Liri Valley * Hitler Line * Gothic Line * Borgo Santa Maria * Lamone Crossing * Rimini Line * San Martino–San Lorenzo * San Fortunato * Cesena * Italy, 1943–1945 * Apeldoorn * North-West Europe, 1945

Korea, 1951–1953
Pte Bolduc Marc Andre
Rank: Private
Service Number: E-800002
Born: St-Georges, Beauce County, Québec
Discharged: Killed In Action

Served In: Korea
Service: CA (Canadian Army)
Battle Group: United Nations Command (UNC)
Regiment: Royal 22e Regiment, R.C.I.C.
Event: Battle for Hill 355 (1951)
Korea South Korea
Event Date: November 22 - 25, 1951

Hill 355, known as "Little Gibraltar", had been the scene of bitter fighting since the area was first occupied during Operation Commando in October 1951. The most notable Canadian action had been the defence by the 2nd R22eR of the positions on the Hill 227 saddle, on November 22-25. Since early September 1952 the Royal Canadian Regiment had guarded the Hill. Five company areas lay within its boundaries.

The enemy prepared for the attack with a heavy bombardment for the first three days of October, primarily on Area II which lay immediately east of the saddle between Hill 355 and Hill 227. Between October 17 and 22, the bombardment was renewed. Consequently, when "B" Company took over the area on October 22, it found the defences badly damaged, telephone wires cut and weapon pits caved in. Enemy shelling made effective work on defences and lines of communication impossible.

Shortly after six o'clock on October 23, the enemy put down another heavy artillery concentration – and then attacked. Under heavy attack and with communications cut off, "B" Company withdrew to "A" Company's area. The battalion commander ordered tank and mortar fire on the lost areas as well as on Hill 227, on the area west of Hill 355 and on the valley to the north. He then called for a counter-attack. The counter-attack by "D" Company went in toward midnight. The left-hand platoon encountered considerable resistance and suffered some casualties, but succeeded in reoccupying the position.

The divisional front was relatively quiet for the remaining days of the brigade's tour of duty. Thus ended one of the brigade's most difficult periods of the war, and certainly its most costly – in less than three months the RCR had suffered 191 casualties, the PPCLI 18, and the R22eR 74.
Service Details :

United Nations Service Medal Korea
The medal was earned for serving one day under United Nations' command in Korea or adjacent areas, including Japan and Okinawa. The medal could also be awarded for an aggregate of thirty days, which need not have been consecutive, spent on official visits of inspection to the qualifying area. The qualifying period was 27 June 1950 to 27 July 1954 (one year longer than for the Canadian Korean War Medal).
Canadian Korea Medal
Awarded to Canadian military personnel for one day on the strength of an army unit in Korea; or 28 days afloat; or one sortie over Korea by a member of the RCAF , 02 July 1950 - 27 July 1953.
Canadian Volunteer Service Medal for Korea
A former member of the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army or the Royal Canadian Air Force is eligible to be awarded the medal where the member: 1. was in the Canadian armed forces during all or part of the period from 27 June 1950 to 27 July 1954: 2. was in the qualifying area (defined as Korea and the adjacent areas, including Japan, Okinawa and Korean waters); and 3. during the period referred to in (a), 1. was on the strength of an army unit or formation in Korea for at least one day; 2. was on active service for at least 28 days on a ship or craft engaged in operations in the qualifying area; 3. flew one sortie over Korea or over Korean waters in the Yellow Sea or Sea of Japan, or: 4. accumulated at least 28 days service in the qualifying area.The medal may be awarded posthumously. There is no bar to this medal.

Service Notes: Soldat Marc Bolduc was one of 13 soldiers killed in action during the very heroic defence of a position between the enemy occupied Hill 227 and the huge Hill 355, occupied by American troops but under massive attack. The single company was repeatedly attacked throughout a three-day engagement. In one of the platoons, every soldier was a casualty. Soldat Bolduc’s remains were never recovered. One of the bravest feats of arms of the Canadian Army during the Korean War, the Royal 22e Regiment was later denied a battle honour for this action - a shameful decision that reflects badly on the officers who served on the committee that was involved. Brigadier John Rockingham, by then promoted to major general, himself had endorsed a recommendation for the formal award of a battle honour.
Enlisted:
Pre/Post War:

Deceased: November 24, 1951 at Korea
Cemetery COMMONWEALTH Memorial (BUSAN) Busan, Korea
Obituary: Son of Johnny and Florida (Gilbert) Bolduc of St-Georges, Beauce County, Québec.
 
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Pte Marc Andre Bolduc on other official websites
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Researched By: Sean Wilson


Pte Marc Andre Bolduc
Printable Version
Medals and Commendations
(In Order):

United Nations Service Medal Korea
Canadian Korea Medal
Canadian Volunteer Service Medal for Korea

Page 06 from Korea
Book of Remembrance

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Highslide JS
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Korean Memorial Wall in Brampton, Ontario.
Photo Credit: Margaret Rose Gaunt