To Honour Canada's Military


Canadian Army CA (Canadian Army)
Motto: We Stand on Guard for Thee

The First Canadian Army was a field army and the senior formation of the Canadian Army that served on the Western Front from July 1944 until May 1945 during the Second World War. The First Canadian Army was formed in early 1942, replacing the existing unnumbered Canadian Corps, as the growing number of Canadian forces in the United Kingdom necessitated an expansion to two corps. By the end of 1943 Canadian formations in the United Kingdom consisted of three infantry divisions, two armoured divisions, and two independent armoured brigades. The first commander was Lieutenant-General A.G.L. "Andy" McNaughton, who was replaced in 1944 by General H. D. G. "Harry" Crerar. Both had been senior artillery officers in the Canadian Corps in the Great War. Allied formations of other nationalities were added to the First Canadian Army to keep it at full strength
R.C.I.C (Royal Canadian Infantry Corps) R.C.I.C (Royal Canadian Infantry Corps)
Motto: We Lead

The badge of the Royal Canadian Infantry Corps consists of Argent three maple leaves conjoined on one stem within an annulus Gules fimbriated and inscribed INFANTRY • INFANTERIE in letters Or, the whole ensigned by the Royal Crown proper set above a scroll Or inscribed with the Motto in letters Sable and surmounted by two rifles in saltire Or. The three maple leaves conjoined on one stem, taken from the Royal Arms of Canada, represent service to Canada, and the Crown, service to the Sovereign. The crossed rifles denote infantry and have been used in badges of infantry units as well as of the officer cadet programme. Red and white are the national colours of Canada. "INFANTRY" and "INFANTERIE" are a form of the bilingual branch title and "DUCIMUS“ is the motto of the corps.
The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada


The Queen's Own was mobilized for the Second World War on May 24th, 1940. The Regiment's first assignment was the defence of Newfoundland and New Brunswick. Eventally, the Regiment was posted to England, in July 1941, as a part of the 8th Canadian Infantry Brigade of the 3rd Canadian Division. The Queen's Own first action, was in the leading wave of the D-Day invasion. The Regiment landed on Bernieres-sur-Mer at 08:12hrs, on the 6th of June 1944. The fighting took them through Normandy and into Northern France. The Regiment fought their way north into Belgium, freeing the crutial channel ports. The Regiment entered the Netherlands, in early October of 1944. The impossible terrain of the Netherlands made fighting costly and difficult. In February the Rifles finally crossed the border into Germany, pushing toward the Hochwald. In capturing the little hamlet of Mooshof, Sergeant Aubrey Cosens was awarded the Victoria Cross. The Queen's Own Rifles last action of the war was at 12:00 hrs on May 4 when C Company attacked a cross roads just east of Ostersander, Germany. It was taken by 15:00 hrs then the order came through not to fire on the enemy unless fired upon. The official Cease Fire came at 08:00 hrs on May 5, 1945. The battalion paraded to a church at Mitte Grossefehn and Major H.E. Dalton, the acting Commanding Officer, addressed the Regiment. During the war 393 Queen's Own were killed in action and a further 873 were wounded, many two or three times.

Battle Honours
Normandy Landing * Le Mesnil-Patry * Caen * Carpiquet * Bourguébus Ridge * Faubourg de Vaucelles * Falaise * Quesnay Wood * The Laison * Boulogne, 1944 * Calais, 1944 * The Scheldt * Breskens Pocket * The Rhineland * Waal Flats * The Hochwald * The Rhine * Emmerich – Hoch Elten * Deventer * North-West Europe, 1944–45
Maj Gower MC Philip Edwin
Rank: Major Maj
Service Number: ZH-175
Born: Feb 10, 1915 Regina, Saskatchewan
Discharged: Deceased

Served In: Korea , World War 2
Service: CA (Canadian Army)
Battle Group: R.C.I.C (Royal Canadian Infantry Corps)
Regiment: The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Other Commendations: Efficiency Decoration Canada
General Service General Service Badge WW2
Awarded to members of the Navy, Army or Air Forces of Canada who have declared their willingness, or who have engaged to serve in any of the said forces on active service during the Second World War.
Service Details :

Military Cross
The Military Cross can be awarded to commissioned officers of the substantive rank of Captain or below (therefore acting and temporary Majors are eligible) or Warrant Officers for distinguished and meritorious services in battle. In 1920, the terms were altered to clearly state the award was for gallant and distinguished services in action and that naval and air force officers could be awarded the cross for gallant and distinguished services on the ground.
1939-45 Star
The Star was awarded for six months service on active operations for Army and Navy, and two months for active air-crew between 02 September 1939 and 08 May 1945 (Europe) or 02 September 1945 (Pacific).
France And Germany Star
The Star was awarded for one day or more of service in France, Belgium, Holland or Germany between 06 June 1944 (D-Day) and 08 May 1945.
United Nations Service Medal Korea
The medal was earned for serving one day under United Nations' command in Korea or adjacent areas, including Japan and Okinawa. The medal could also be awarded for an aggregate of thirty days, which need not have been consecutive, spent on official visits of inspection to the qualifying area. The qualifying period was 27 June 1950 to 27 July 1954 (one year longer than for the Canadian Korean War Medal).
Defence Medal
Although the medal was usually awarded to Canadians for six months service in Britain between 03 September 1939 and 08 May 1945, the exact terms were: Service in the forces in non-operational areas subjected to air attack or closely threatened, providing such service lasted for three or more years. Service overseas or outside the country of residence, providing that such service lasted for one year, except in territories threatened by the enemy or subject to bomb attacks, in which case it was six months prior to 02 September 1945. Under the terms of this last condition, Canadians serving for one year in Newfoundland were eligible and persons serving for six months in Hong Kong were also eligible. The qualifying period in mine and bomb disposal was three months. Canadians serving in West Africa, Palestine and India, other than operational air crew, qualified for this medal. Those awarded the GC or GM for civil defence received this medal. Home Guard and others in Britain qualified for this medal.
Canadian Volunteer Service Medal
The Canadian Volunteer Service Medal is granted to persons of any rank in the Naval, Military or Air Forces of Canada who voluntarily served on Active Service and have honourably completed eighteen months (540 days) total voluntary service from September 3, 1939 to March 1, 1947.
War Medal (1939-45)
The War Medal was awarded to all full-time personnel of the armed forces and merchant marines for serving for 28 days between 03 September 1939 and 02 September 1945. In the Merchant Navy, the 28 days must have been served at sea.

Canadian Korea Medal
Awarded to Canadian military personnel for one day on the strength of an army unit in Korea; or 28 days afloat; or one sortie over Korea by a member of the RCAF , 02 July 1950 - 27 July 1953.
Special Service Medal (SSM)
The Special Service Medal (SSM) was created to recognize members of the Canadian Forces who are taking part in activities and operations under exceptional circumstances. The Special Service Medal (SSM) recognizes members of the Canadian Forces (CF) who have performed a service determined to be under exceptional circumstances, in a clearly defined locality for a specified duration. The SSM recognizes approved activities underway on 11 June 1984 or subsequently established. This medal is always issued with a bar that specifies the special service being recognized, each bar having its own criteria.

Service Notes: Citation: Military Cross, Infantry (Royal Winnipeg Rifles) - awarded as per Canada Gazette dated 26 May 1945. "On 6 June 1944 - D-Day - with under command "B" Company, one platoon of "C" Company, and one section of Pioneers, Royal Winnipeg Rifles, plus one and one-half sections No. 6 Field Company, Royal Canadian Engineers, Captain Gower assaulted and captured Red Beach of Mike Sector at Courseulles-sur-Mer. This beach was defended by four large casemates and fifteen other enemy positions, all entirely unaffected by the pre-assault bombardment. Eye-witnesses of his command stated that throughout this action and in spite of having lost his helmet during the landing, Captain Gower stood upright on the beach, cooly directing the employment of his sub-units and by his personal example of bravery, skill and daring reduced the defences one by one until the beach defences were overcome. Had it not been for this officer's courage and outstanding devotion to duty in the face of tremendous odds, the landing and advance inland of the remainder of the Battalion would have been seriously hampered. It is considered that this officer's bravery, determination and dauntless leadership contributed tremendously to the Battalion's successful advance to its Brigade objective."
Enlisted: September 5, 1939 Winnipeg, Manitoba
Pre/Post War:

Deceased: December 09, 1956 at Mount Slesse, British Columbia
Cemetery *Grave Location Unknown* ,
Obituary: Son of Edwin Percival and Lillian Gower (née Black). Husband of Anne Gower of Calgary, Alberta. Father of Philip ,Marianne, Dianne. Charles Major Philip Gower died as a result of an airplane crash near Mount Slesse, British Columbia.
Maj Philip Edwin Gower MC on other official websites
Canadian Virtual
War Memorial

Researched By: Sean Wilson


Maj Philip Edwin Gower MC
Printable Version
Medals and Commendations
(In Order):

Military Cross
1939-45 Star
France And Germany Star
United Nations Service Medal Korea
Defence Medal
Canadian Volunteer Service Medal
War Medal (1939-45)
Canadian Korea Medal
Special Service Medal (SSM)

Page 28 from Korea
Book of Remembrance

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Highslide JS
Memorial marker honouring Major Gower at the Korean War Wall of Remembrance, Meadowvale Cemetery, Brampton, Ontario.