To Honour Canada's Military


Canadian Army CA (Canadian Army)
Motto: We Stand on Guard for Thee

The First Canadian Army was a field army and the senior formation of the Canadian Army that served on the Western Front from July 1944 until May 1945 during the Second World War. The First Canadian Army was formed in early 1942, replacing the existing unnumbered Canadian Corps, as the growing number of Canadian forces in the United Kingdom necessitated an expansion to two corps. By the end of 1943 Canadian formations in the United Kingdom consisted of three infantry divisions, two armoured divisions, and two independent armoured brigades. The first commander was Lieutenant-General A.G.L. "Andy" McNaughton, who was replaced in 1944 by General H. D. G. "Harry" Crerar. Both had been senior artillery officers in the Canadian Corps in the Great War. Allied formations of other nationalities were added to the First Canadian Army to keep it at full strength
R.C.I.C (Royal Canadian Infantry Corps) R.C.I.C (Royal Canadian Infantry Corps)
Motto: We Lead

The badge of the Royal Canadian Infantry Corps consists of Argent three maple leaves conjoined on one stem within an annulus Gules fimbriated and inscribed INFANTRY • INFANTERIE in letters Or, the whole ensigned by the Royal Crown proper set above a scroll Or inscribed with the Motto in letters Sable and surmounted by two rifles in saltire Or. The three maple leaves conjoined on one stem, taken from the Royal Arms of Canada, represent service to Canada, and the Crown, service to the Sovereign. The crossed rifles denote infantry and have been used in badges of infantry units as well as of the officer cadet programme. Red and white are the national colours of Canada. "INFANTRY" and "INFANTERIE" are a form of the bilingual branch title and "DUCIMUS“ is the motto of the corps.
The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada


Second World War

Three platoons took part on the raid on Dieppe on 19 August 1942. On 6 July 1944, the battalion landed in France as part of the 5th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, and it continued to fight in North West Europe until the end of the war. The overseas battalion was disbanded on 30 November 1945.

The 1st Battalion suffered more casualties than any other Canadian infantry battalion in Northwest Europe. Disaster seemed to follow the unit;
On the voyage to France on the day of the Dieppe Raid, casualties were suffered by the unit during a grenade priming accident onboard their ship, the HMS Duke of Wellington.
During the Battle of Verrières Ridge on July 25, 1944, 325 men left the start line and only 15 made it back to friendly lines, the others being killed or wounded by well entrenched Waffen SS soldiers and tanks.
On 13 October 1944 - known as Black Friday by the Black Watch - the regiment put in an assault near Hoogerheide during the Battle of the Scheldt in which all four company commanders were killed, and one company of 90 men was reduced to just four survivors.

Post-Second World War

On 4 May 1951, the regiment mobilized two temporary Active Force companies designated, "E" and "F" Companies. "E" Company was reduced to nil strength upon its personnel being incorporated into the 1st Canadian Highland Battalion for service in Germany with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. It was disbanded on 29 July 1953. "F" Company was initially used as a replacement pool for "E" Company. On 15 May 1952, it was reduced to nil strength, upon its personnel being absorbed by the 2nd Canadian Highland Battalion for service in Korea with the United Nations. "F" Company was disbanded on 29 July 1953. The 1st Canadian Highland Battalion originated in Valcartier, Quebec on 4 May 1951. On 16 October 1953, it was redesignated the 1st Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada.
The 2nd Battalion served on NATO duty in West Germany from 1962 to 1965. Several members of the Regiment served on operations in Afghanistan.

Battle Honours
The Second World War

BOURGUÉBUS RIDGE * Faubourg de Vaucelles * Verrières Ridge–Tilly-la-Campagne * FALAISE * Clair Tizon * Forêt de la Londe * Dunkirk, 1944 * Antwerp–Turnhout Canal * THE SCHELDT * Woensdrecht * South Beveland * Walcheren Causeway * THE RHINELAND * The Hochwald * Xanten * THE RHINE * Groningen * Oldenburg * NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1944–1945

War in Afghanistan

AFGHANISTAN

Pte Earhart Albert Clifford
Rank: Private
Service Number: SA3217
Born: Jul 28, 1919 St. Thomas, Ontario
Region: London and Area
Discharged: Killed In Action

Served In: Korea , World War 2
Service: CA (Canadian Army)
Battle Group: R.C.I.C (Royal Canadian Infantry Corps)
Regiment: The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada
General Service General Service Badge WW2
Awarded to members of the Navy, Army or Air Forces of Canada who have declared their willingness, or who have engaged to serve in any of the said forces on active service during the Second World War.
Service Details :

1939-45 Star
The Star was awarded for six months service on active operations for Army and Navy, and two months for active air-crew between 02 September 1939 and 08 May 1945 (Europe) or 02 September 1945 (Pacific).
Italy Star
The star was awarded for one day operational service in Sicily or Italy between 11 June 1943 and 08 May 1945.
France And Germany Star
The Star was awarded for one day or more of service in France, Belgium, Holland or Germany between 06 June 1944 (D-Day) and 08 May 1945.
United Nations Service Medal Korea
The medal was earned for serving one day under United Nations' command in Korea or adjacent areas, including Japan and Okinawa. The medal could also be awarded for an aggregate of thirty days, which need not have been consecutive, spent on official visits of inspection to the qualifying area. The qualifying period was 27 June 1950 to 27 July 1954 (one year longer than for the Canadian Korean War Medal).
Defence Medal
Although the medal was usually awarded to Canadians for six months service in Britain between 03 September 1939 and 08 May 1945, the exact terms were: Service in the forces in non-operational areas subjected to air attack or closely threatened, providing such service lasted for three or more years. Service overseas or outside the country of residence, providing that such service lasted for one year, except in territories threatened by the enemy or subject to bomb attacks, in which case it was six months prior to 02 September 1945. Under the terms of this last condition, Canadians serving for one year in Newfoundland were eligible and persons serving for six months in Hong Kong were also eligible. The qualifying period in mine and bomb disposal was three months. Canadians serving in West Africa, Palestine and India, other than operational air crew, qualified for this medal. Those awarded the GC or GM for civil defence received this medal. Home Guard and others in Britain qualified for this medal.
Canadian Volunteer Service Medal
The Canadian Volunteer Service Medal is granted to persons of any rank in the Naval, Military or Air Forces of Canada who voluntarily served on Active Service and have honourably completed eighteen months (540 days) total voluntary service from September 3, 1939 to March 1, 1947.
War Medal (1939-45)
The War Medal was awarded to all full-time personnel of the armed forces and merchant marines for serving for 28 days between 03 September 1939 and 02 September 1945. In the Merchant Navy, the 28 days must have been served at sea.
Canadian Korea Medal
Awarded to Canadian military personnel for one day on the strength of an army unit in Korea; or 28 days afloat; or one sortie over Korea by a member of the RCAF , 02 July 1950 - 27 July 1953.

Service Notes:
Enlisted: October 7, 1939 London, Ontario
Pre/Post War:

Deceased: February 15, 1954 at River Imjin, Korea
Cemetery UNITED NATIONS Cemetery Busan, Korea
Marker: 38. 4. 3216
Obituary: Husband of Doris Lillian Earhart. Father of Judy Marlene, Russel George. Son of James Stanley and Mildred Earhart of St. Thomas, Ontario. Brother to William, Melvin, James, Robert, Donald, Mervin, Mildred, Audrey, Dorothy and Joanne.
 
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Pte Albert Clifford Earhart on other official websites
Canadian Virtual
War Memorial

Researched By: Sean Wilson

Pte Albert Clifford Earhart
Printable Version
Medals and Commendations
(In Order):

1939-45 Star
Italy Star
France And Germany Star
United Nations Service Medal Korea
Defence Medal
Canadian Volunteer Service Medal
War Medal (1939-45)
Canadian Korea Medal

Page 20 from Korea
Book of Remembrance

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