The Canadian Forces have derived many of their traditions and symbols from the military, navy and air force of the United Kingdom, including those with royal elements. Contemporary icons and rituals, however, have evolved to include elements reflective of Canada and the Canadian monarchy.
The International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) was a NATO-led security mission in Afghanistan, established by the United Nations Security Council in December 2001 by Resolution 1386, as envisaged by the Bonn Agreement. Its main purpose was to train the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) and assist Afghanistan in rebuilding key government institutions, but was also engaged in the 2001–present war with the Taliban insurgency.
The mission of the Royal Canadian Engineers is to contribute to the survival, mobility, and combat effectiveness of the Canadian Armed Forces. Their roles are to conduct combat operations, support the Canadian Forces in war and peace, support national development, provide assistance to civil authorities, and support international aid programs. Military engineers’ responsibilities encompass the use of demolitions and land mines, the design, construction and maintenance of defensive works and fortifications, urban operations (hostile room entry), breaching obstacles, establishing/maintaining lines of communication, and bridging. They also provide water, power and other utilities, provide fire, aircraft crash and rescue services, hazardous material operations, and develop maps and other engineering intelligence. In addition, military engineers are experts in deception and concealment, as well as in the design and development of equipment necessary to carry out these operations. The official role of the combat engineer is to allow friendly troops to live, move and fight on the battlefield and deny that to the enemy.
Spr Greenfield Sean David
Service Number: D14732227
Born: Mar 10, 1983 Pinawa, Manitoba
Discharged: Killed In Action
Service: CF (Canadian Forces)
Battle Group:ISAF (International Security Assistance Force)
Regiment: Canadian Military Engineers
Service Details :
24 Field Engineer Squadron, 2 Combat Engineer Regiment. Spr. Greenfield was killed after his armoured vehicle struck an improvised explosive device in the Zhari District approximately 40 kilometres west of Kandahar City. The incident occurred as hundreds of Canadian, British and American soldiers fanned out over 20 kilometres, looking for Taliban bomb-making materials and weapons caches.
The Sacrifice Medal was created in the context of increased casualties in overseas operations to fulfill the desire of Canadians and the Government to provide formal recognition, through the award of an official medal emanating from the Crown, to those who die as a result of military service or are wounded by hostile action. This honour replaces the Wound Stripe
The Medal may be awarded to members of the Canadian Forces, members of an allied force working as an integral part of the Canadian Forces such as exchange personnel, civilian employees of the Government of Canada or Canadian citizens under contract with the Government of Canada, on the condition that they were deployed as part of a military mission under the authority of the Canadian Forces, that have, on or after October 7, 2001, died or been wounded under honourable circumstances as a direct result of hostile action on the condition that the wounds that were sustained required treatment by a physician and the treatment has been documented.
The Medal may also be awarded posthumously to any member of the Canadian Forces who served on or after 7 October 2001 in the Regular Force, Primary Reserve, Cadet Organizations Administration and Training Service or Canadian Rangers, or any member of the Supplementary Reserve who served in or with one of the components aforementioned on or after 7 October 2001, and dies under honourable circumstances as a result of an injury or disease related to military service.
When a death is obviously related to service, the SM will be issued immediately. When the cause of death is not clear, the SM will only be issued once Veterans Affairs Canada (VAC) has officially determined that the death was related to military service, in such a case, delays are to be expected before the SM can be awarded.
This general service award has been created as a means to recognize - in a timelier manner - those who serve in operations in the presence of an armed enemy. Rather than creating a new honour for each new Canadian Forces operation as it arises, the General Campaign Star and General Service Medal - with their theatre or service specific ribbons - can be awarded in future to honour participation in any operation that meets the criteria.
The General Campaign Star (GCS) is awarded to members of the Canadian Forces and members of allied forces working with the Canadian Forces who deploy into a defined theatre of operations to take part in operations in the presence of an armed enemy.
The GCS is always issued with a ribbon specific to the theatre or type of service being recognized, and each ribbon has its own criteria.
The GCS with South-West Asia ribbon is awarded to Canadian Forces members and members of allied forces working with the Canadian Forces who served either:
with the Canadian contribution to the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan for at least 30 days cumulative between 24 April 2003 and 31 July 2009, in the theatre of operations which consisted of the political boundaries and airspace of Afghanistan; and/or in the theatre of operations consisting of the political boundaries of Afghanistan, the Persian Gulf, the Gulf of Oman, the Gulf of Aden, the Red Sea, the Suez Canal and those parts of the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea that are west of sixty-eight degrees East longitude and north of five degrees South latitude, as well as the airspace above those areas for at least 30 cumulative days commencing on August 1, 2009, provided that the service has not been recognized by another service medal.
Spr. Greenfield was described as an exceptionally fit soldier who recently completed a combat diver's course and aspired to one day join Canada's elite JTF2 special forces team. Harry Greenfield said he didn't know why his grandson joined the military, but it probably had something to do with moving to Petawawa and going to school with the sons and daughters of military personnel stationed there.
He said his grandson was a sapper, a type of combat engineer. Military officials in Afghanistan told reporters Greenfield had recently completed a combat diver's course and he hoped someday to join Canada's elite JTF2 special forces team.
"He was happy in the forces and he loved the life," Harry Greenfield said.
December 15, 2005 CFB Petawawa
He loved music, singing and playing the guitar. He grew up in Manitoba and attended high school in Petawawa. Later, he studied graphic arts at Fanshawe College in London, Ontario before joining the military in 2005. Sapper Greenfield grew up playing hockey and soccer in the Manitoba community of Pinawa, on the Winnipeg River.
In addition to sports, he had a gift for music and many recollections from friends and soldiers mentioned him picking up a guitar or playing the piano.
SEAN DAVID GREENFIELD Greenfield, Sapper Sean David - (Member of 24 Field Squadron, 2 Combat Engineer Regiment, CFB Petawawa) - suddenly in Afghanistan on Saturday, January 31st, 2009 at the age of 25 years. Sapper Sean Greenfield of CFB Petawawa, dearly loved son of Keith and Penny Greenfield (nee O'Keefe). Cherished brother of Ainsley Christensen (husband Matthew), Petawawa; and Melanie Greenfield, Guelph. Grandson of Edna and Harry Greenfield and John (wife Jennifer) and the late Miriam O'Keefe. Sean will be missed by his special friend Kailey Magder, his aunts, uncles, cousins and other family.
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Spr Sean David Greenfield
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