The Canadian Forces have derived many of their traditions and symbols from the military, navy and air force of the United Kingdom, including those with royal elements. Contemporary icons and rituals, however, have evolved to include elements reflective of Canada and the Canadian monarchy.
The International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) was a NATO-led security mission in Afghanistan, established by the United Nations Security Council in December 2001 by Resolution 1386, as envisaged by the Bonn Agreement. Its main purpose was to train the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) and assist Afghanistan in rebuilding key government institutions, but was also engaged in the 2001–present war with the Taliban insurgency.
Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry (PPCLI) is one of the three Regular Force infantry regiments of the Canadian Army of the Canadian Armed Forces. It is named for Princess Patricia of Connaught, then daughter of the Governor General of Canada. The regiment is composed of four battalions including a Primary Reserve battalion, for a total of 2,000 soldiers. The PPCLI is the main lodger unit of Canadian Forces Base (CFB) Edmonton in Alberta and CFB Shilo in Manitoba, and attached to 3rd Canadian Division; as such it serves as the "local" regular infantry regiment for much of Western Canada. The Loyal Edmonton Regiment (LER), a Reserve Force battalion, is affiliated with the PPCLI but is not formally part of it. As part of this affiliation, the LER carries the designation '4th Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry'.
The regiment is a ceremonial structure, and the four battalions are independent operational entities, under the 1 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group (1 CMBG) for the Regular Force and the 41 Canadian Brigade Group (41 CBG) for the Primary Reserve. Although the regiment carries the designation of 'light infantry', two of its battalions are mechanized infantry, and the unit has never been organized as a traditional light infantry regiment.
Cpl Arnal James (Jim) Hayward
Service Number: B73 742 869
Born: Apr 09, 1983 Kelvington, Saskatchewan
Discharged: Killed In Action
Service: CF (Canadian Forces)
Battle Group:ISAF (International Security Assistance Force)
Regiment: Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry
Service Details :
The Sacrifice Medal was created in the context of increased casualties in overseas operations to fulfill the desire of Canadians and the Government to provide formal recognition, through the award of an official medal emanating from the Crown, to those who die as a result of military service or are wounded by hostile action. This honour replaces the Wound Stripe
The Medal may be awarded to members of the Canadian Forces, members of an allied force working as an integral part of the Canadian Forces such as exchange personnel, civilian employees of the Government of Canada or Canadian citizens under contract with the Government of Canada, on the condition that they were deployed as part of a military mission under the authority of the Canadian Forces, that have, on or after October 7, 2001, died or been wounded under honourable circumstances as a direct result of hostile action on the condition that the wounds that were sustained required treatment by a physician and the treatment has been documented.
The Medal may also be awarded posthumously to any member of the Canadian Forces who served on or after 7 October 2001 in the Regular Force, Primary Reserve, Cadet Organizations Administration and Training Service or Canadian Rangers, or any member of the Supplementary Reserve who served in or with one of the components aforementioned on or after 7 October 2001, and dies under honourable circumstances as a result of an injury or disease related to military service.
When a death is obviously related to service, the SM will be issued immediately. When the cause of death is not clear, the SM will only be issued once Veterans Affairs Canada (VAC) has officially determined that the death was related to military service, in such a case, delays are to be expected before the SM can be awarded.
This general service award has been created as a means to recognize - in a timelier manner - those who serve in operations in the presence of an armed enemy. Rather than creating a new honour for each new Canadian Forces operation as it arises, the General Campaign Star and General Service Medal - with their theatre or service specific ribbons - can be awarded in future to honour participation in any operation that meets the criteria.
The General Campaign Star (GCS) is awarded to members of the Canadian Forces and members of allied forces working with the Canadian Forces who deploy into a defined theatre of operations to take part in operations in the presence of an armed enemy.
The GCS is always issued with a ribbon specific to the theatre or type of service being recognized, and each ribbon has its own criteria.
The GCS with South-West Asia ribbon is awarded to Canadian Forces members and members of allied forces working with the Canadian Forces who served either:
with the Canadian contribution to the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan for at least 30 days cumulative between 24 April 2003 and 31 July 2009, in the theatre of operations which consisted of the political boundaries and airspace of Afghanistan; and/or in the theatre of operations consisting of the political boundaries of Afghanistan, the Persian Gulf, the Gulf of Oman, the Gulf of Aden, the Red Sea, the Suez Canal and those parts of the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea that are west of sixty-eight degrees East longitude and north of five degrees South latitude, as well as the airspace above those areas for at least 30 cumulative days commencing on August 1, 2009, provided that the service has not been recognized by another service medal.
Cpl. Arnal had four years service with the military, having given up a promising career in the information technology sector. He volunteered for this rotation and hoped to return in 2009. Platoon mates described him as professional, dependable and utterly fearless under enemy fire. Arnal was also seen by his comrades as an older brother figure; he was on his second tour of duty in Afghanistan and was pondering a third.
Described as the glue that held his unit together, Arnal was called a good-natured leader who regularly shouldered more than his fair share of the burden.
"He was calm under pressure, he was very focused, he knew exactly what was going on," said Pte. Dan Marsh.
Arnal made sure to pass on his expertise and to share his experiences whenever he could.
April 22, 2004 CFB Shilo
In November 2010 the Government of Manitoba announced that a lake in the northern part of the province has been named Arnal Lake to honour the sacrifice of this fallen soldier. His family stated that Jim was a thrill seeker and was always on the go, living life to its fullest.
July 18, 2008 at Panjwaii, Afghanistan
GLEN LAWN Memorial Gardens Winnipeg, Canada
Corporal, 2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, based in Shilo, Manitoba. Aged 25, he was born in Kelvington, Sask. and grew up in Winnipeg. He was on his second tour of duty with the Canadian contingent of NATO forces serving in Afghanistan.
He was killed, and another soldier injured, after a buried roadside bomb detonated during a night-time foot patrol in Panjwaii district, southwest of Kandahar City.
He is survived by his mother Wendy and stepfather Ken Miskiewicz; father Raymond and stepmother Betty; brother Andrew; stepsister Sarah; his girlfriend Melissa; his Aunt Janet Hayward; and many other relatives.
Cpl James (Jim) Hayward Arnal
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