To Honour Canada's Military


Canadian Army CA (Canadian Army)
Motto: We Stand on Guard for Thee

The First Canadian Army was a field army and the senior formation of the Canadian Army that served on the Western Front from July 1944 until May 1945 during the Second World War. The First Canadian Army was formed in early 1942, replacing the existing unnumbered Canadian Corps, as the growing number of Canadian forces in the United Kingdom necessitated an expansion to two corps. By the end of 1943 Canadian formations in the United Kingdom consisted of three infantry divisions, two armoured divisions, and two independent armoured brigades. The first commander was Lieutenant-General A.G.L. "Andy" McNaughton, who was replaced in 1944 by General H. D. G. "Harry" Crerar. Both had been senior artillery officers in the Canadian Corps in the Great War. Allied formations of other nationalities were added to the First Canadian Army to keep it at full strength
United Nations Command (UNC) United Nations Command (UNC)


Peacekeepers monitor and observe peace processes in post-conflict areas and assist ex-combatants in implementing the peace agreements they may have signed. Such assistance comes in many forms, including confidence-building measures, power-sharing arrangements, electoral support, strengthening the rule of law, and economic and social development. Accordingly, UN peacekeepers (often referred to as Blue Berets or Blue Helmets because of their light blue berets or helmets) can include soldiers, police officers, and civilian personnel.
Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, R.C.I.C. Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, R.C.I.C.


On July 10, 1943, the PPCLI, forming part of the 1st Canadian Infantry Division and the British Eighth Army, landed in Sicily during Operation Husky. The Patricia won its first battle honours of the Second World War at Leonforte.[a 6] Later, on September 4, 1943, the regiment landed and fought in Italy, advancing North for two months. The unit was slowed down by the demolished bridges and the German rear guard.[a 6] In December 1943 the regiment fought during the Moro River Campaign; that year the soldiers spent Christmas in Ortona.

In May 1944 the PPCLI took part in the offensive against the Hitler Line, west of Monte Cassino, during the allied offensive against Rome.[a 6] At that point the regiment was a component of the newly formed 1st Canadian Corps.[a 6] In August the unit took part in the offensive against the Gothic Line and in the assaults on San Fortunato and Rimini.

On March 13, 1945, the 1st Canadian Corps was transferred to Northwest Europe where it joined the 1st Canadian Army and took part in the liberation of the Netherlands. Shortly after, the regiment captured the city of Apeldoorn, and, on May 7, 1945, it was the first allied force to enter Amsterdam.

Korean War (1950–1954)

On April 22, 1951, Chinese forces undertook a major offensive against the United Nations forces and pierced through the first line of defence held by the 6th South Korean Division. During the Battle of Kapyong the 2nd Battalion, PPCLI, the 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, and A Company, 72nd Heavy Tank Battalion (US) were tasked with the defence of the Kapyong Valley. The formation delayed the Chinese forces for three days while United Nations forces withdrew to a new defensive line, thus saving Seoul. For their action, these three units received the United States Presidential Unit Citation and the Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation. On May 25, 1951, the 2nd Battalion, PPCLI was transferred to the 25th Canadian Infantry Brigade within the 1st Commonwealth Division. In the fall, the 2nd Battalion was replaced by 1PPCLI and returned to Calgary. Meanwhile, in Canada, a new battalion was created on November 30, 1950. This 3rd Battalion trained at CFB Wainwright, CFB Borden, and Camp Ipperwash, before sending troops with the 1st and 2nd Battalions during their tour in Korea. The 3rd Battalion replaced the 1st Battalion in the fall of 1952, and occupied Hill 355 until late November 1952. After three months of active service the battalion was disbanded on February 8, 1954.

Battle Honours
LANDING IN SICILY * Leonforte * Agira * SICILY, 1943 * The Moro * The Gully * LIRI VALLEY * Hitler Line * GOTHIC LINE * RIMINI LINE * San Fortunato * Savio Bridgehead * Naviglio Canal * Fosso Munio * Granarolo * ITALY, 1943-1945 * Apeldoorn * NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1945

Korea

Kapyong * KOREA, 1950-1953.
Pte Hanspiker Edward Jack
Rank: Private
Service Number: SF39492
Born:
Discharged: Deceased

Served In: Korea
Service: CA (Canadian Army)
Battle Group: United Nations Command (UNC)
Regiment: Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, R.C.I.C.
Event: Battle for Hill 355 (1951)
Korea South Korea
Event Date: November 22 - 25, 1951

Hill 355, known as "Little Gibraltar", had been the scene of bitter fighting since the area was first occupied during Operation Commando in October 1951. The most notable Canadian action had been the defence by the 2nd R22eR of the positions on the Hill 227 saddle, on November 22-25. Since early September 1952 the Royal Canadian Regiment had guarded the Hill. Five company areas lay within its boundaries.

The enemy prepared for the attack with a heavy bombardment for the first three days of October, primarily on Area II which lay immediately east of the saddle between Hill 355 and Hill 227. Between October 17 and 22, the bombardment was renewed. Consequently, when "B" Company took over the area on October 22, it found the defences badly damaged, telephone wires cut and weapon pits caved in. Enemy shelling made effective work on defences and lines of communication impossible.

Shortly after six o'clock on October 23, the enemy put down another heavy artillery concentration – and then attacked. Under heavy attack and with communications cut off, "B" Company withdrew to "A" Company's area. The battalion commander ordered tank and mortar fire on the lost areas as well as on Hill 227, on the area west of Hill 355 and on the valley to the north. He then called for a counter-attack. The counter-attack by "D" Company went in toward midnight. The left-hand platoon encountered considerable resistance and suffered some casualties, but succeeded in reoccupying the position.

The divisional front was relatively quiet for the remaining days of the brigade's tour of duty. Thus ended one of the brigade's most difficult periods of the war, and certainly its most costly – in less than three months the RCR had suffered 191 casualties, the PPCLI 18, and the R22eR 74.
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Deceased: November 23, 1951 at
Cemetery UNITED NATIONS Cemetery Busan, Korea
 
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