The First Canadian Army was a field army and the senior formation of the Canadian Army that served on the Western Front from July 1944 until May 1945 during the Second World War. The First Canadian Army was formed in early 1942, replacing the existing unnumbered Canadian Corps, as the growing number of Canadian forces in the United Kingdom necessitated an expansion to two corps. By the end of 1943 Canadian formations in the United Kingdom consisted of three infantry divisions, two armoured divisions, and two independent armoured brigades. The first commander was Lieutenant-General A.G.L. "Andy" McNaughton, who was replaced in 1944 by General H. D. G. "Harry" Crerar. Both had been senior artillery officers in the Canadian Corps in the Great War. Allied formations of other nationalities were added to the First Canadian Army to keep it at full strength
The badge of the Royal Canadian Infantry Corps consists of Argent three maple leaves conjoined on one stem within an annulus Gules fimbriated and inscribed INFANTRY • INFANTERIE in letters Or, the whole ensigned by the Royal Crown proper set above a scroll Or inscribed with the Motto in letters Sable and surmounted by two rifles in saltire Or. The three maple leaves conjoined on one stem, taken from the Royal Arms of Canada, represent service to Canada, and the Crown, service to the Sovereign. The crossed rifles denote infantry and have been used in badges of infantry units as well as of the officer cadet programme. Red and white are the national colours of Canada. "INFANTRY" and "INFANTERIE" are a form of the bilingual branch title and "DUCIMUS“ is the motto of the corps.
The Queen's Own was mobilized for the Second World War on May 24th, 1940. The Regiment's first assignment was the defence of Newfoundland and New Brunswick. Eventally, the Regiment was posted to England, in July 1941, as a part of the 8th Canadian Infantry Brigade of the 3rd Canadian Division. The Queen's Own first action, was in the leading wave of the D-Day invasion. The Regiment landed on Bernieres-sur-Mer at 08:12hrs, on the 6th of June 1944. The fighting took them through Normandy and into Northern France. The Regiment fought their way north into Belgium, freeing the crutial channel ports.
The Regiment entered the Netherlands, in early October of 1944. The impossible terrain of the Netherlands made fighting costly and difficult. In February the Rifles finally crossed the border into Germany, pushing toward the Hochwald. In capturing the little hamlet of Mooshof, Sergeant Aubrey Cosens was awarded the Victoria Cross. The Queen's Own Rifles last action of the war was at 12:00 hrs on May 4 when C Company attacked a cross roads just east of Ostersander, Germany. It was taken by 15:00 hrs then the order came through not to fire on the enemy unless fired upon. The official Cease Fire came at 08:00 hrs on May 5, 1945. The battalion paraded to a church at Mitte Grossefehn and Major H.E. Dalton, the acting Commanding Officer, addressed the Regiment. During the war 393 Queen's Own were killed in action and a further 873 were wounded, many two or three times.
Normandy Landing *
Le Mesnil-Patry * Caen *
Bourguébus Ridge *
Faubourg de Vaucelles *
Quesnay Wood *
The Laison *
Boulogne, 1944 * Calais, 1944 *
The Scheldt *
Breskens Pocket *
The Rhineland *
Waal Flats *
The Hochwald *
The Rhine *
Emmerich – Hoch Elten *
North-West Europe, 1944–45
Rifmn Reid George Peter
Service Number: SM-1794
Born: Mar 23, 1935 North Battleford, Saskatchewan
Service: CA (Canadian Army)
Battle Group:R.C.I.C (Royal Canadian Infantry Corps)
Regiment: The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Service Details :
Reid was in a single vehicle rollover while home on leave from Victoria, British Columbia.
The medal was earned for serving one day under United Nations' command in Korea or adjacent areas, including Japan and Okinawa. The medal could also be awarded for an aggregate of thirty days, which need not have been consecutive, spent on official visits of inspection to the qualifying area. The qualifying period was 27 June 1950 to 27 July 1954 (one year longer than for the Canadian Korean War Medal).
Awarded to Canadian military personnel for one day on the strength of an army unit in Korea; or 28 days afloat; or one sortie over Korea by a member of the RCAF , 02 July 1950 - 27 July 1953.
A former member of the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army or the Royal Canadian Air Force is eligible to be awarded the medal where the member:
1. was in the Canadian armed forces during all or part of the period from 27 June 1950 to 27 July 1954:
2. was in the qualifying area (defined as Korea and the adjacent areas, including Japan, Okinawa and Korean waters); and
3. during the period referred to in (a),
1. was on the strength of an army unit or formation in Korea for at least one day;
2. was on active service for at least 28 days on a ship or craft engaged in operations in the qualifying area;
3. flew one sortie over Korea or over Korean waters in the Yellow Sea or Sea of Japan, or:
4. accumulated at least 28 days service in the qualifying area.The medal may be awarded posthumously.
There is no bar to this medal.
November 30, 1951 Edmonton, Alberta
George Jr. was a truck driver when he enlisted at Regina in 1951 (he was discharged two months later, but re-enlisted at Edmonton, Alberta, before the year was out).
Son of Mr. George Peter and Mrs. Anna Reid of North Battleford, Saskatchewan. SL4498. Brother of Robert E., Annie, Mary and Georgina
The medals and information on this page have not been verified by Family, Friends or historical document. To help us make this page more accurate and complete please email info@RememberNovember11.com to request any changes or to help us verify any medals or commendations.
Rifmn George Peter Reid
on other official websites
United Nations Service Medal Korea
Canadian Korea Medal
Canadian Volunteer Service Medal for Korea
Page 63 from Korea
Book of Remembrance (Click to Enlarge)
Reid Lake, Saskatchewan
Rifmn George Peter Reid Clicking Thumbnail will enlarge image
Memorial plaques for Rifleman George Peter Reid, Private André Adélard Regimbald, Corporal Kenneth Russell Ray and Staff Sergeant William Allan Rathbun on the Korea Veterans National Wall of Remembrance in Meadowvale Cemetery, Brampton, Ontario